Konigsberg

History

The Konigsberg Fortress (Konigsberg Castle), founded by Teutonic knights in 1255, from the first years of its existence was called “Korolevskaya Gora” (“King's Mountain”) and throughout its entire history had the most significant importance in the life of the whole East Prussia area and Baltic Sea region. The city reached its zenith in the second half of the XVIII century, when in 1773 it became a center of the province of East Prussia. By the beginning of the XX century Konigsberg has transformed from a fortress into a “garden city”. But you will learn this at Kaliningrad museums.

Turning our attention back to the history, it should be said that Konigsberg was not only a political and economic center of East Prussia, but and a cultural and scientific one. In 1544, Duke Albrecht founded the University of Konigsberg, later named in his honor the Albertina. Throughout many centuries of the existence of the university, it has established a reputation as one of the leading scientific and educational centers of Europe, has been known for its famous scientists and graduates, including philosopher Immanuel Kant, writer E.T.A. Hoffmann, K. Donelaitis, J. Herder, F. Bessel, and many others. The modern Russian University continues to revere Albertina’s traditions, treating its history from the year of foundation.

What to see

Konigsberg’s presence is felt everywhere in modern Kaliningrad. If you are in search of the history of the city, you should visit the museums housed in the former Konigsberg’s Gates: Friedland, Brandenburg, King’s. Architecturally the places, where the spirit of Konigsberg is preserved to the highest degree, is the Prospekt Mira area erected at the beginning of the last century by a number of outstanding architects invited. This area used to be called Amalienau. A leisure walk from Prospekt Mira, from the sculpture “fighting bisons”, dedicated to the competition in court between a “defense lawyer and prosecutor”, and along Prospekt through the monument to preeminent writer and historian Schiller and the Drama Theater, and to the city’s depths, far from the center will plunge you into the atmosphere of Konigsberg as a “garden city”, as it was called in the first years of the XX century.

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1255

Year of foundation of Konigsberg

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