Kaliningrad

History

Many people value Kaliningrad for its German past, but in recent years tourists have been attracted by the last, peculiarly Kaliningrad’s history. At the end of the Second World War, the city was passed to the Soviet Union and named in honour of “All-Union headman” Mikhail Kalinin on July 4, 1946. Therefore, this year is the best to give consideration to the soviet and modern part of the capital of Russia’s westernmost region in particular, as on July 4, 2016 the region will celebrate its 70th anniversary.

Kaliningrad has always held and still holds a special place in Russia, speaking from cultural, economic and political perspectives. During the early postwar years Joseph Stalin personally followed the life of the newly acquired territory of the Soviet Union. After the war the city needed an immediate reconstruction of the infrastructure that was destroyed, but necessary for new inhabitants. A special attention was paid to education: erection of new schools started immediately; Kaliningrad Pedagogical Institute was established; the regional industry and other spheres of life undergone restoration.

In the 1980's some attempts were made to hold All-Union Exhibitions of Economic Achievements, but, however, they were not quite successful. Since the mid-1980’s and the policy of “Glasnost” (Openness), the region opened its borders for visits by its closest neighbors that have become the Lithuanians, Poles, and primarily Germans who lived at one time in Konigsberg and East Prussia.

After all, there is truth in the thought of Kaliningrad’s philosopher V.N. Bryushkin that Kaliningrad is a city-chimera consisting of three levels: German, Soviet and modern Russian. However, it is fair to say that Kaliningrad is nationally and culturally a much richer city.

What to see

You will find in Kaliningrad a great number of distinguished works of Soviet architecture that is actively learned nowadays by foreign and Russian researchers. Among the particularly remarkable examples of Soviet constructivism – famous House of Soviets on Tsentralnaya Square, House of Arts on Leninsky Prospekt, university building on Nevsky Str., Regional Prosecutor’s Office on Gorky Str. and many others. The city space is full of modern architecture and monuments that deserve attention.

A number of museums are devoted to the military and modern history of the city, among them the Bunker of fortress commandant Otto Lasch (Universitetskaya Str.); Friedland Gate Museum allowing you to make a virtual walk of Kaliningrad (Kalininsky Prospekt) and amazing Museum of the World Ocean (Peter the Great Embankment) stand out.

Residents of all countries (except former CIS) required a visa to visit Russia. We will help you to obtain visa to Russia.

70 years

Kaliningrad will perform July 4, 2016

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